BPH is an acronym standing for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia – sometimes simply referred to as; “prostatic enlargement”. Other than increasing the risk of urinary tract infections, BPH generally does not pose a serious medical risk for most men, but in certain advanced cases it can lead to retention (inability to urinate) or cause kidney problems. More commonly men seek treatment for BPH due to the nuisance it causes.
BPH is characterized by one or more of the following symptoms:
· Need to get up in the middle of the night to urinate (“nocturia”)
· Reluctant urination (“hesitancy”)
· The sudden need to urinate urgently (“urgency”)
· The need to urinate frequently (“frequency”)
· A slow urine stream that trails off into a dribble or a stream that starts and stops (“intermittency”)
· Sometimes the inability to urinate (“retention”)
All men’s prostates will enlarge as they get older, and approximately a quarter men over 50 will develop clinically significant symptoms of BPH. Since several minimally-invasive treatments now exist for this condition, many men decide to seek treatment.